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A Cross-Sectional Study Determining Pain in Lower Back and Calf Muscles among Females Due to High Heel Shoe Wear | Abstract
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International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences (IJMRHS)
ISSN: 2319-5886 Indexed in: ESCI (Thomson Reuters)

Abstract

A Cross-Sectional Study Determining Pain in Lower Back and Calf Muscles among Females Due to High Heel Shoe Wear

Author(s):Anam Mahmood, Umber Nawaz, Mehwish Niaz, Ushna khan, Muhammad Yahya Qureshi and Bushra Akbar

To determine pain in lower back and calf muscles among females due to high heels shoe wear. Methodology: A sample size of 87 females working women and students were recruited on the basis of the purposive sampling technique. Participants were requested to wear 5 cm stiletto high heels and they were asked to walk on treadmill at the pace of 4km/hr for 20 minutes. Modified McGill Questionnaire for pain measurement was used as a tool before and after test data collection. Results: In this study observation of muscular pain was significant in lower limb and lower back muscles due to high heels i.e. 29.6% and 24.7% respectively. Conclusion: Back and lower limbs musculature pain contribute only 8.6% whereas, only back pain had been observed in 9.9%. Paired sample t-test was used to determine pain before and after test was significant with p-value 0.000. 


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    Citations : 2979

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