A Study on Lumbar Degenerative Disorders and its Correlation with Various Comorbid Factors | Abstract

International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences (IJMRHS)
ISSN: 2319-5886 Indexed in: ESCI (Thomson Reuters)


A Study on Lumbar Degenerative Disorders and its Correlation with Various Comorbid Factors

Author(s):G. Bhavani Sujatha*, Guna Priya Raghunath and V. Subhashini Rani

Introduction: Disc degenerative disorders are the leading cause for the Lower Back Pain (LBP) throughout the globe. The data on LBP is limited. A study was conducted to find the correlation between age, socio-demographic and occupational factors with. Methods: It was a prospective research conducted in the department of Anatomy, GSL Medical College, and Rajahmundry. Study was conducted between December 2021 to January 2023. Individuals >18 years, both gender with LBP attended on outpatient basis were included. The socio-demographic data of the participants was recorded as per the Modified Kuppuswamy scale, Body Mass Index (BMI) was also estimated by entering height and weight in the National Institute of Health. Type of work, way of sitting posture, duration of continuous sitting, job related stress, requirement of outdoor activity for the job, junk food eating habits, frequency were also be recorded. Data was presented by mean for continuous variables and percentage for categorical data. Logistic Regression Analysis (LRA) was applied and P<0.05 were considered to be statistically significant. Results: Total 412 members were included, male female ratio was 1.2. Maximum (18.5%) participants were in >68, lowest (13.9%) in 48 years-57 years group. LRA did not show any association between LBP and age (OR=0.923, 95% CI: 1.2 -2.9, P=0.62). Maximum (35.7%; 150) number with LBP was detected in obesity group. The mean weight of the study members was 56.2 kgs; LRA did not show any association between BMI and LBP (OR=0.968, 95% CI: 2.1-3.6, P=0.820). There was significant association between socioeconomic status and LBP (OR=0.986, 95% CI: 0.931-1.124, P=0.0423). Based on the continuous sitting time, LBP is high (54.4%) among those sit continuously for >8 hours. Conclusion: LBP is common in all age groups and socio-economical groups. Continuous sitting for long time, obesity are important risk factors. LBP affects the quality of life, but not analysed in this research. Long term community based research with high sample size is recommended.

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