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International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences (IJMRHS)
ISSN: 2319-5886 Indexed in: ESCI (Thomson Reuters)

Abstract

A Study to Evaluate the Role of Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) as an Adjuvant in the Management of Neonatal Sepsis in Preterm Babies

Author(s): Awais Mirza, Uppin Narayan Reddy, Altaf Naseem and Sumsam Ali Khurram

Introduction: Newborn children conceived before 32 weeks of incubation are genuinely immune deficient with cord blood centralization of IgG being not as much as half contrasted with those found in infants conceived at full term. Furthermore, exceptionally preterm newborn children have lessened supplement components, polymorphonuclear chemotaxis and are obligated to debilitate their capacity pools. Aims and Objectives: This planned study has been attempted with the accompanying targets, to concentrate on the administration of IVIG in addition with antibiotics to improves the therapeutic consequence of sepsis in preterm neonates. Materials and Methods: Sixty preterm neonates with sepsis were randomly assigned into study and control groups at a tertiary level neonatal intensive care unit, Princess Esra Hospital and Owaisi Hospital & Research Centre, Deccan College of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India. Study-group was given IVIG in addition to standard treatment. Results: Total 60 patients were enrolled, 30 in study and 30 in control group. There were no gender differences (male 50%, female 50%) of neonates enrolled, which is also evident in the study (males 47.7%, females 52.3%) and control group (males 52.3%, females 47.7%). Conclusion: Low levels of immunity in preterm neonates results in increased morbidity and mortality in severe infection. Use of IVIG along with the antibiotics and other supportive therapy can improve the outcome.


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