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International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences (IJMRHS)
ISSN: 2319-5886 Indexed in: ESCI (Thomson Reuters)

Abstract

ADENOSINE DEAMINASE ACTIVITY AND INSULIN IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS: DOES ADENOSINE DEAMINASE AFFECTS INSULIN LEVEL?

Author(s):*Shaikh SahemaM, Panchal Mittal A, Sadariya Bhavesh B, Sharma Hariom M, Bharat Bhoi

Aim: Correlation between Adenosine Deaminase activity and Insulin level in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Material & Method: We measured the serum level of Adenosine Deaminase (ADA), Insulin and Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) in 50 patients with type 2 diabetes and 50 healthy controls. Subjects included in study were known diabetics for 5 years or more. Results: The levels of Serum Adenosine Deaminase and Insulin were highly significant (p<0.001) in study group in comparison to control group. Adenosine Deaminase was positively correlated with Fasting Plasma Glucose (r=0.6146, p<0.001) and Insulin (r=0.3022, p<0.05) in diabetic patients. Insulin was positively correlated with Fasting Plasma Glucose (r=0.4728, p<0.001) in diabetic patients. Conclusion: Present study concludes that serum Adenosine Deaminase activity and Insulin levels significantly increased in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Both Adenosine Deaminase and Insulin positively correlated with each other and also with Fasting Plasma Glucose. As adenosine deaminase can serve as an immunological marker and has a probable role in oxidative stress along with its effect on insulin actions by decreasing levels of adenosine, Adenosine Deaminase can be a useful parameter in the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus.


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