Assessment of pattern of partial edentulism and its correlation with age, gender, arch and socioeconomic status | Abstract

International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences (IJMRHS)
ISSN: 2319-5886 Indexed in: ESCI (Thomson Reuters)


Assessment of pattern of partial edentulism and its correlation with age, gender, arch and socioeconomic status

Author(s):Anita Rama Kahar*, Jayashree Joshi and Saee Deshpande

Background and Objectives: The partial edentulism is the condition where one or few teeth are missing in one or both the dental arches of an individual. There are various reasons for the loss of teeth. In spite of advancement and conduction of awareness of dental treatment; there are still individuals with partial edentulism are present in the country. The correlation has been found between the partial edentulism and the different age groups, gender and according to socioeconomic status. So we also decided to conduct such kind of study in our institute. The aim of this study was to assess the pattern of partial edentulism according to Kennedy’s classification its correlation of pattern of partial edentulism with age, gender, arch and socioeconomic status. Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted among the partial edentulous patients visiting to institute. Kennedy’s Classification with or without modifications was recorded after applying Applegate’s rules to record the patterns of partial edentulism for over a period of one year. Results: Total 1965 dental arches were examined. In which 1036 were mandibular arches and 929 were maxillary arches. The Kennedy’s classification of Class III was maximum i.e. 1055 (54%). Conclusion: Kennedy’s Class III is the most common pattern of partial edentulism. There was a statistically significant correlation between the partial edentulism with age and socioeconomic status of the patients while correlation with arch and gender was found to be non-significant. Dental caries (54.35%) was the most common cause of tooth loss. Among 1461 patients; 1251 (85.62%) were without prosthesis.

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