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International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences (IJMRHS)
ISSN: 2319-5886 Indexed in: ESCI (Thomson Reuters)

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Abstract

Changing spectrum of renal disease in HIV

Author(s):R. Sunil, R. Sandeep, V. Mahesh, R. Chethana, S. Sarath Reddy and K.V. Subbarao

The study was done to evaluate the spectrum of various renal histopathological lesions in patients infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus).32 HIV positive patients underwent Renal biopsy over a period of 3 years from October 2013 to September 2016 who had presented with renal dysfunction and urine sediment abnormalities. Out of 32 patients, 24 were males and 8 were females. The mode of transmission of disease was sexual in 25 patients.14 patients presented with Nephrotic range proteinuria and 11 patients underwent RRT (renal replacement therapy). Majority of patients had tubulointerstitial lesions (18 patients) followed by glomerular lesions (14 patients).24 patients were receiving HAART (Highly active antiretroviral therapy) and majority of them had tubulointerstitial lesions. Hence Renal biopsy is indicated in HIV patients presenting with renal failure to arrive at proper diagnosis and treatment.


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