Chronic subdural hematoma: Wide dural window and incision of inner membrane | Abstract

International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences (IJMRHS)
ISSN: 2319-5886 Indexed in: ESCI (Thomson Reuters)


Chronic subdural hematoma: Wide dural window and incision of inner membrane

Author(s):Nnadi Mathias O. N., Bankole Olufemi B. and Olatosi John O

Surgical treatment of chronic subdural hematoma can give dramatic recovery and the patient and his relatives see the surgeon as a ‘miracle’ worker. This euphoria can suddenly give way to anguish whenever recurrence occurs. Many methods of surgical care have arisen in the bid to avoid the despair of recurrence. The objectives of the study were to evaluate the Glasgow outcome scores and recurrence in wide dural window and incision of inner membrane in chronic subdural hematoma surgeries. It was a prospective study on patients with chronic subdural hematoma managed in our centers from 2009 to 2015. Patients were resuscitated with Advance Trauma Life Support protocols in accident and emergency. Brain Computerized tomography scan was used to make diagnosis. The hematoma was evacuated using large burr hole for liquefied types and craniotomy for those with solid components. The dural/outer membrane incision was widened and the inner membrane incised. On discharge, patients were followed up for three months. Data were collected using proforma and analyzed using Environmental Performance Index info 7 software. There were 55 patients. Males were forty six. The mean age was 56.6 years. The most common etiology was road traffic accident. The favorable outcome was 94.54%. The Glasgow Coma Scores (GCS) prior to surgery affected the outcome. There was no recurrence. The use of wide dural opening and incision of the inner membrane was not associated with any recurrence and complications were few. It is recommended as a suitable treatment option for patients with chronic subdural hematoma

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