Comparison between Blind Nasal and Fiber Optic Intubation in Maxillofacial Trauma Posted for Elective Surgery | Abstract

International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences (IJMRHS)
ISSN: 2319-5886 Indexed in: ESCI (Thomson Reuters)


Comparison between Blind Nasal and Fiber Optic Intubation in Maxillofacial Trauma Posted for Elective Surgery

Author(s):S. Jyotsna*

Background: Airway management of patients with maxillofacial trauma is complex and crucial because it can dictate a patient’s survival. Securing the airway of patients with maxillofacial trauma is often extremely difficult because the trauma involves the patient’s airway and their breathing is compromised. In these patients, mask ventilation and endotracheal intubation are anticipated to be difficult. Objectives: To compare the safety and complications of blind nasal and fibre optic intubation in maxillofacial trauma. Methods: This is an observational study, approved by the institutional ethical committee. An individual informed consent was taken from all the patients selected for the study. All the patients belonging to the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grades 1 and 2 are between the age group of 18 years-50 years of either sex. Posted for maxillofacial surgery under general anaesthesia patients with comorbidities like Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cardiovascular problems, and patient refusal are excluded from the study. A total of 40 patients with different types of facial fractures are included in the study they were divided into a blind nasal group (20 patients) and a fiberoptic group (20 patients). Discussion: The patient with maxillofacial trauma presents serious challenges for the physician because airway management in these patients can be complicated by their injury. The first challenge is to secure the airway for sufficient and effective breathing and/ or ventilation. Fiberopticbronchoscopic intubation is the best option for elective patients but has been considered difficult in maxillofacial trauma, and patients with intraoral bleed. In both groups of patients, securing the airway before induction of general anaesthesia adds to the safety of anaesthesia and helps minimize the possibility of major complications. Conclusions: Awake fiberoptic intubation, is the best method for securing the airway in patients with facial trauma when compared with blind nasal intubation.

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