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Correlation of Obesity and Other Factors with Presence of Extra Hepatic Disease among the Patients Presenting with Fatty Liver | Abstract
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International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences (IJMRHS)
ISSN: 2319-5886 Indexed in: ESCI (Thomson Reuters)

Abstract

Correlation of Obesity and Other Factors with Presence of Extra Hepatic Disease among the Patients Presenting with Fatty Liver

Author(s):Muhammad Abdul Quddus, Muhammad Farid Khan, Rizwan Saeed Kiyani, Atif Abbas, Qurat-Ul-Ain and Fauzia Khan

Purpose: To assess the Correlation of obesity and other factors with presence of extrahepatic disease among the patients presenting with fatty liver at CMH Rawalakot, Azad Kashmir. Study design: Correlational Study. Setting: Gastroenterology department CMH//Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayad Al Nahyan Hospital Rawalakot. Duration of study: Six months, from 01-09-2018 to 01-03-2019. Patients and methods: A prospective study was conducted on 51 patients of fatty liver diagnosed on ultrasound by consultant radiologist of own hospital. The demographic profile included age, gender, presence of obesity, triglyceride levels and total cholesterol levels. Common extra-hepatic conditions which were looked for in this study included Diabetes mellitus (DM), Hypertension (HTN), Ischemic heart disease (IHD) and Osteoarthritis (OA) which were diagnosed with the help of detailed history taking, relevant physical examination and laboratory investigations. Results: Out of 51 patients included in the final analysis 31 were male and 20 were female. Twenty-seven participants had one or more co-morbid illnesses while 24 had no such diseases at the time of study. DM was the commonest comorbid illness while OA was least reported. Twenty four patients were obese while 27 had BMI less than 30. The presence of obesity and raised total cholesterol levels had a significant relationship with presence of extra-hepatic illness among the patients presenting with fatty liver. Conclusion: Patients presenting with fatty liver have high prevalence of extrahepatic diseases. Routine screening of common illnesses should be done on all the patients who have been diagnosed as having a fatty liver. Special attention should be given to the patients who had BMI more than 30 or raised total cholesterol levels. 


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