Author(s):Nazim Faisal Hamed Ahmed
*, Awad Alqahtani
, Badriah Abdulrahamn Alsabah
, Areej Mohammed Alatawi
and Aljawharah Ibrahim Alghuraydh
Background: Diabetes is widely recognized as an emerging epidemic that has a growing influence on almost every country, age group, and economy across the world. Children and adolescents have gained attention lately due to the increasing prevalence of both types’ diabetes mellitus. Aim: To highlight the prevalence, risk factors, and complications of both types of diabetes among Saudi children and to compare Saudi results to international results. Methodology: This is a systematic review was carried out, including PubMed, Google Scholar, and EBSCO that examining randomized controlled trials, observational, and experimental studies which study diabetes in children and adolescent in Saudi Arabia. Results and Conclusion: Findings of previous studies indicate a growing prevalence of T1DM and T2DM among children and adolescents. More attention should be paid to this catastrophe as risk factors should be controlled as possible. Health education to mothers and caregivers of children and adolescents with increased risk for developing diabetes mellitus should be done through health campaigns and conferences.