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Distribution of Alveolar Bone Defects Associated with Periodontitis Patients: A Demographic Study | Abstract
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International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences (IJMRHS)
ISSN: 2319-5886 Indexed in: ESCI (Thomson Reuters)

Abstract

Distribution of Alveolar Bone Defects Associated with Periodontitis Patients: A Demographic Study

Author(s):Shivani Sachdeva, Harish Saluja, Ameet Mani, Tanupriya Sonkar, Sayali Patil and Vikram R. Pagar Patil

Aim: Periodontal disease is one of the most widespread diseases of mankind. It is a chronic destructive infectious disease that involves the resorption of bone supporting the teeth. The purpose of this study was to analyze the prevalence and distribution of different forms of bone defects among different demographics in the Indian population. Material and Methods: The study population comprised forty-four patients of different age groups with moderate and severe periodontitis chronic periodontitis. A total sample of 1041 teeth was explored surgically and classified into suprabony, intrabony, inter radicular, and other bone defects. This study focuses on the differences in the distribution of various bone defects between different groups of age and gender. Results: Among 1041 teeth the prevalence of bone defects was 97%. Craters and intrabony defects were almost equal for age group 31-40 years and 41-50 years. But in the age group 51-60 years, craters comprised 33.3% and intrabony defects comprised 66.7%. Males had two times more 3-wall defects than females. Conclusion: The present study reveals that there is a need for applying epidemiological principles to periodontal bone defects to better understand the natural history of periodontal disease and eradicate the factors responsible for their commencement and progression. The following research article has been presented at the 2nd international congress of the world academy of growth factors and stem cells in dentistry (WAGRO) 25th -27th October 2018.


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