Background: Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) is one of the most common and public health care concerns. The study was aimed to explore the effectiveness of dry needling and Muscular inhibition technique on mouth function and Health-related Quality of Life (QoL) in TMD patients.
Methods: This was an experimental study with a randomized control trial design, conducted at the Lovely Professional University, India. We recruited 126 subjects of both gender, aged between 18 to 50 years, and who were clinically diagnosed with TMD. They were randomly divided through the lottery method into two groups: the control group and the experimental group. For outcome measurement mouth function and health-related QoL were measured through digital calipers and SF-36 questionnaire respectively, before and after 5 weeks of the treatment session. In this study, the control group received conventional physiotherapy treatment, while the experimental group received a physical therapy approach, which consisted of dry needling and muscular inhibition. Statistical analysis was carried out using Student’s t-test via the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software, version16. The level significant level was considered as p<0.05 for the analysis of data.
Results: Both the group was found homogenous for baseline demographic characteristics. Between the group comparisons, it was observed there were differences in mouth function (p<0.001) and Health-related QoL (p<0.001).
Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that the application of dry needling and Muscular inhibition technique could improve mouth function and Health-related Quality of Life (QoL) in patients with TMD