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International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences (IJMRHS)
ISSN: 2319-5886 Indexed in: ESCI (Thomson Reuters)

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Abstract

Effect of Apple Cider Vinegar in Type 2 Diabetic Patients with Poor Glycemic Control: A Randomized Placebo Controlled Design

Author(s): Sofia Kausar, Muhammad Arshad Abbas, Hajra Ahmad, Nazia Yousef, Zaheer Ahmed, Naheed Humayun, Hira Ashfaq and Ayesha Humayun

Aim: The aim of the trial was to measure the effect of apple cider vinegar on glycemic control and biochemical parameters in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients with poor glycemic control. Methods: A single-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was conducted on 110 eligible types 2 DM patients who were selected and allocated into 2 groups. The interventional group was given 15 ml apple cider vinegar in 200 ml water during dinner for 3 months while the other group was placebo. Before and after HbA1C (glycosylated hemoglobin), fasting lipid profile, fasting blood sugar, anthropometrics, and dietary changes were assessed and analyzed using IBM SPSS version 20, through statistical tests. Formal ethical approval was obtained from the local institutional review board. Results: Significant mean change was found in interventional group in HbA1c (p<0.001), blood sugar fasting (p<0.001), total cholesterol (p=0.002), triglyceride (p=0.002) and hip-waist ratio (p=0.002). No significant change was observed in the mean of these statistics in the placebo group. No significant change was observed in height, weight, mid-upper arm ratio, and low density lipoprotein, high density lipoprotein and food frequency in intervention and placebo groups before and after. Conclusion: Apple cider vinegar if used regularly is effective in controlling diabetes, lowering hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia in DM type 2 patients.


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