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International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences (IJMRHS)
ISSN: 2319-5886 Indexed in: ESCI (Thomson Reuters)

Abstract

Effects of Electromagnetic Wave from Mobile Phones on Human Sperm Motility and Viability: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Author(s): Yadolah Fakhri, Heidar HeidariKhoei, Milad Moloudizargari, Mohammad Hossein Asghari, Hassan Keramati, Milad Adel, Nazak Amanidaz, Moayed Avazpour, Yahya Zandsalimi, Bigard Moradi and Leila Rasouli Amirhajeloo

Nowadays humans are constantly exposed to electromagnetic wave (EMW), especially mobile phone. Recently concerns about the potential risks of EMW it's increasing. A possible risk of the EMW is adverse effect on human semen quality. In this study, it was tried to do meta-analysis on the results obtaining the evaluation of sperm quality (motility and viability) after in vitro exposure to EMW of mobile phone. We carried out a Systematic Review in databases of ISI, Pubmed, Scopus, Ovid, Embase and VIP till December 2015. Then was performed meta-analysis of data extracted by comprehensive meta-analysis 2.2 software. Finally, 10 studies [8: sperm motility (17 subgroups), 6: sperm viability (6 subgroups)] were reviewed and meta-analysis was done. The percentage ranges of sperm motility in the unexposed and exposed samples were 17.70±10.9 % to 87.20±7.32% and 18.40±11.90% to 87.5±8.57%, respectively. The mean differences for sperm motility and heterogeneity were REM:-4.57;CI(-7.11 to - 2.03) and I2=69.38%; ρheterogeneity<0.001, respectively. The percentage range of sperm viability in the unexposed and exposed samples were 50.78±5.98% to 90.9±3.7% and 48.43±13.99 to 90.4±4.1% respectively and for sperm viability, the mean differences for sperm motility and heterogeneity were REM-1.19; CI (-2.04 to -0.34) and I2=96.9%; ρheterogeneity<0.001, respectively. Exposure to EMW of mobile phone decreased significantly sperm motility and sperm viability decreased but not-significantly. Results of this study supported the negative effects of EMW of mobile phone on the sperm motility


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