This study was conducted at the College of Nursing, University of Basrah, Iraq. The study aimed from a statistical questionnaire and health information to determine the real health needs of the elderly in the home of the elderly and outside this association. The data was taken from 40 patients in the elderly home and 40 patient out of the home in Basra, 20 male, and 20 female patients. The most important results of this study was that the percentage of anxiety in the elderly either in home (65%) or out home (75%) was high, on the other hand, arteritis in female out home was 80%, and mental retardation was of less percentage in and out home (5%). Elderly people in home elderly care practitioners of the household completed a questionnaire on requirements care, medical problems and needs which were not available to each patient. Many of the patients had complicated medical problems and were highly dependent on nursing care. Cares were unaware of medical problems among the patient’s long-term care service providers; they knew that the elderly were at risk of chronic diseases. The difficulty of taking care of them and other factors that can lead to the transition to nursing homes hospitals and early death. They also knew that older people in the old age homes had to take care of them, unlike their presence among their families.