Cervix is one of the most common target organ for both non neoplastic and neoplastic lesions of the female genital tract. Cervix cancer is the second most common cancer worldwide having poor prognosis. Inflammatory lesions of clinicopathological importance are acute cervicitis, chronic cervicitis and chronic granulomatous cervicitis. Carcinoma cervix is the commonest malignancy in Indian women Early sexual activity, sexually transmitted diseases, viral infections, low socioeconomic status, injury related to multiple births are the various factors contributing for the carcinoma cervix. Non-infective cervicitis often being chemical in nature that includes chemical irritations secondary to douching or local trauma produced by foreign bodies including tamponsdiaphragms, pessaries and intrauterine contraceptive devices. Studies have shown that chronic granulomatous cervicitis is mostly caused by tuberculosis.