The learning environment dramatically affects the learning outcomes of students. Schools' open space and noise, inappropriate temperature, insufficient light, overcrowded classes, misplaced boards and inappropriate classroom layout all make up factors that could be confounding variables distracting students in class. This study was conducted to examine the Investigating the impact of environmental factors(schools' open space, noise, lighting and painted in educational institutions) on learning and academic achievement of elementary students. Survey of literature data from Iran Medex, Magiran, Iran Journal, SID, PubMed/Medline, Google Scholar, Scopus and ISI Web of Knowledge. Database without language restriction, since 2000 sources, with the MeSH term "Impact of schools' open space and Noise and Lighting and Painted Educational Institutions on Learning and Academic Achievement of Elementary Students". At first, 252 articles were found by searching thoroughly in the databases among which 39 articles were selected according to the medical education experts’ advices. Analysis of data extraction and quality evaluation of the Literature were performed independently by two investigators. The results showed that noise in educational institutions has a negative and appropriate coloring, lighting of educational environment and schools' open space has impact on learning and academic achievement of elementary school students. Our results suggest that educational managers of country must consider environmental factors in designing educational environments.