Filariasis is a major public health problem in many areas of tropics and subtropics of Africa Western Pacific, and parts of America affecting over 83 countries. It is a public health problem in India. The majority of cases found in India are attributed to infection by Wuchereria bancrofti, that mainly affects lymph nodes and lymphatic channels. Presence of filariasis in pleural fluid is an unusual finding. In the present case report a female patient presented with sign and symptoms of haemorrhagic pleural effusion.