Good nutrition means a stronger immune system, low illness, better health, and a productive society. In India, most school-age children are malnourished, mainly undernourished. This review has been done to know the prevalence of wasting, stunting, overweight, and obesity among children in rural as well as urban areas of different areas in India. For this purpose, thirty studies were reviewed by using different sources such as Research Gate, PubMed, Google Scholar, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, and surveys of different agencies such as websites of the Ministry of Women and Child Development Government of India and different state governments. Dietary recalls structured interviews and anthropometric measurements were used in all the studies for data collection. Results from the various studies show that the underweight children range from 6.6% to 83%. Prevalence of stunting ranges from 13.8% to 56.1%, prevalence of wasting ranges from 6.7% to 75%, and prevalence of underweight ranges from 6.6% to 83%. It was concluded that malnutrition is a major problem in children and a lot of attention is needed to combat the problem.