Aim: To know percentage, demographic, clinical profile of ocular involvement in thermal facial burns.
Methods: 60 patients with thermal facial burns were examined prospectively during a period of 1 year. Age, gender, mode and place of injury, ocular signs at time of presentation were noted.
Results: A total of 60 patients were included. 48.3% patient shad ocular involvement in thermal facial burns in which 36.6% had bilateral ocular involvement. 34 eyes (66.6%) of 51 involved eyes had adnexal injuries with lid skin burns, 14 eyes (27.4%) had conjunctival and corneal epithelial involvement, and 3 eyes (14.2%) had stromal involvement. Ocular involvement was more in males (30%) and pediatric age group (11.6%). Burns due hot liquids occurring in home accidents (37.7%) was the common mode of injury followed by flames and hot liquid burns at work place (20.6%). Most of the ocular injuries were associated with second degree skin burns.
Conclusion: Ocular adnexal injuries were common in thermal facial burns. Ocular surface involvement is less common. Home accidents were common mode of injury. Males and pediatric age group were affected.
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