Prevalence of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria among Female University Students | Abstract

International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences (IJMRHS)
ISSN: 2319-5886 Indexed in: ESCI (Thomson Reuters)


Prevalence of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria among Female University Students

Author(s):Asmaa Ghareeb Mohamed*, Suliman Ali Al Youssef, Reham Ahmed Abdelrahman, Randa Mohamed Abo Baker, Huda Khalafallah Ahmed and Nagwa Ibrahim Abass

Background: Asymptomatic Urinary Tract Infections (AUTI) are common in apparently healthy populations and are detectable in the laboratory as 'significant bacteriuria’. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the asymptomatic bacteriuria among the university students and to examine the student's practices and risk factors that contribute with the occurrence of asymptomatic bacteriuria. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study included 184 student selected by stratified random sampling technique. Data were collected using self-administered online questionnaires that included a personal data, history of UTI, health-related hygienic practices and dietary preference has and habits. Urine investigation was done for the participated students. Descriptive statistics, cross-tabulation were used for data analysis. Results: The finding shows that nearly one-third of the study participants reported had a previous history of urinary tract infection. The most repeated complaint was urgency (31%) and side pain (26.6%). Results revealed that (40.2%) were positive for significant bacteriuria. There was a negative association in the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria with respect to age. (40.2%). Escherichia coli was the most predominant organism followed closely by Staphylococcus aureus. Ciprofloxacin to be the most effective antibiotic followed by Amikacin and Nitrofurantoin. Ampicillin, Cloxacillin and Erythromycin were highly resistant to the isolates. Conclusions: The results of this study emphasize the importance of raising students’ awareness and habitual practices as a primary prevention of the urinary tract infection. Routine urine culture test should be carried out periodically to early detect asymptomatic bacteriuria.

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