Role of Inflammation and Serum Creatine Phospho Kinase in Seizures | Abstract

International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences (IJMRHS)
ISSN: 2319-5886 Indexed in: ESCI (Thomson Reuters)


Role of Inflammation and Serum Creatine Phospho Kinase in Seizures

Author(s):Farhat Ijaz, Avais Ahmad, Ambreen Tauseef, Haroon Rashid, Rana Rakhshan Aftab, Rizwana Kamran, Rana Khurram Aftab and Samia Jawed

Background and Objectives: Epilepsy which is a disorder with an extensive variability of symptomatology and multifactorial origins is categorized by emergent and recurrent seizures. Numerous studies showed that seizures are triggered by hyperactivity of the neurons of the brain which may be atypical and synchronous. Our study was aimed to find out the association of inflammation in terms of total leukocyte count (TLC) and serum creatine phosphokinase (CPK) concentration in epilepsy and their comparison with pseudo-seizures and healthy controls. Methodology: We conducted this study in Mayo Hospital, Lahore with the collaboration of the Physiology Department of King Edward Medical University, Lahore after approval from Advanced Studies and Research Board of KEMU, Lahore. The sample size was ninety and they were divided equally into three groups, 30 patients of GTCS, 30 patients with a history of pseudoseizures and 30 healthy subjects of comparable age. p< 0.001 was taken as significant. Statistical analyses were done using SPSS 21. Results: Mean total leukocyte count (TLC) in Pseudo-seizures groups was 8216.3 ± 2195.8, in the epileptic group was 13219.9 ± 2686.8 and in the control group, the mean TLC was 6832.1 ± 1154.9 Mean serum CPK in pseudo-seizure groups was 130.1 ± 74.3 IU/100 ml, in the epileptic group was 257.7 ± 24.6 IU/100 ml and in the control group, the mean CPK was 79.9 ± 27.7 IU/100 ml. Conclusion: Total leukocyte count (TLC) and CPK were higher in the epileptic group as compare to the pseudo-seizure groups as well as the control group. Elevated WBC levels may be a result of continuing inflammatory progressions in the pathogenesis of epilepsy. Therefore it was concluded that serum CPK and TLC may serve as a differentiating marker between epileptic generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) and pseudo seizers. 

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