GET THE APP

Smell and Taste Dysfunctions in Patients with Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Infection in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: An Analytical Cross-Sectional Study | Abstract
Logo

International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences (IJMRHS)
ISSN: 2319-5886 Indexed in: ESCI (Thomson Reuters)

Abstract

Smell and Taste Dysfunctions in Patients with Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Infection in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: An Analytical Cross-Sectional Study

Author(s):Sara Alqurashi* and Najlaa Mandoura

Introduction: Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) is the main primary health issue of our time. Smell and taste loss are hallmarks of COVID-19 infection. A complete understanding of the disease and its features has yet to be investigated. Here, we aimed to estimate the prevalence and patterns of smell and taste loss among COVID-19 patients. Methods: This was a multi-center, analytical, cross-sectional study conducted in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia that utilized the COVID-19 anosmia (loss of sense of smell) reporting tool developed by the American Academy of Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS). Results: The loss of smell, taste, or both among COVID-19 patients was 56.6% with the majority (74.9%) experiencing both smell and taste loss. The median duration from dysfunction to recovery is ten days (IQR: 7 days). Gender and nationality showed significant association with smell/taste loss during the COVID-19 course (p=0.011 and 0.004, respectively). In addition, diabetes mellitus and hypertension showed significant association with smell/taste loss (p=0.038 and 0.012, respectively). Advanced age was a significant predictor of smell/taste loss (Exp(B)=1.042, CI: 1.023-1.061). Conclusions: Loss of smell/taste among COVID-19 patients was present in more than half of the samples. This symptom of concern was significantly associated with demographic characteristics and chronic diseases. Further studies are needed to understand the well-characterized symptoms of COVID-19 infection and assess early markers of disease prevalence and progression as well as establish the best preventive measures.


Archive
Scope Categories
  • Clinical Research
  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology
  • Biomedicine
  • Dentistry
  • Medical Education
  • Physiotherapy
  • Pulmonology
  • Nephrology
  • Gynaecology
  • Dermatology
  • Dermatoepidemiology
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Sexology
  • Osteology
  • Kinesiology
  • Neuroscience
  • Haematology
  • Psychology
  • Paediatrics
  • Angiology/Vascular Medicine
  • Critical care Medicine
  • Cardiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology
  • Hepatology
  • Geriatric Medicine
  • Bariatrics
  • Pharmacy and Nursing
  • Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
  • Radiobiology
  • Pharmacology
  • Toxicology
  • Clinical immunology
  • Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy
  • Cell Biology
  • Genomics and Proteomics
  • Pharmacogenomics
  • Bioinformatics and Biotechnology
  • Google scholar citation report
    Citations : 2979

    International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences received 2979 citations as per google scholar report

    International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences peer review process verified at publons

    paper.io

    agar io

    wowcappadocia.com
    cappadocia-hotels.com
    balloon-rides.net

    wormax io

    Elektronik Sigara
    Elektronik Sigara