Stimulator of Interferon Genes (STING): A Factor to Consider in Cellular Homeostasis | Abstract

International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences (IJMRHS)
ISSN: 2319-5886 Indexed in: ESCI (Thomson Reuters)


Stimulator of Interferon Genes (STING): A Factor to Consider in Cellular Homeostasis

Author(s):Justice Chidiebere Chima, Clerol Austrie, Alice Solomon, Iniubong Ukpe, Precious Anthony, Favour Anthony, Adeiza David Otohinoyi, Esther Olunu and Adegbenro Omotuyi John Fakoya

Interferon is a cellular response to infection, paraneoplastic event, and other biological entities. They are proteinous entities consisting of about 144-166 amino acids transcribed from 20-30 genes. They participate in autophagy and immune response to biological entities when stimulated. Biological or clinical states that affect the proper transcription of interferon genes to either downregulate or upregulate it, usually result in susceptibilities to infections, autoimmune diseases, as well as systemic inflammatory diseases. This review aims to briefly describe the stimulator of the interferon genes (a 379-amino acid protein), how it elicits its cellular homeostatic functions with the sole purpose of enhancing cell survival and reducing morbidities.

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