Background: Hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxicosis occurs due to excess release of thyroid hormone. These hormones regulate the body’s energy balance and have effects on adipokine level. There are several reports suggesting interrelation between adipokines (resistin and leptin) with thyroid dysfunction. Objectives: This study was established to investigate the effect of thyroid hormones in hyperthyroidism state on the level of some adipokines, leptin and resistin; in comparison with control. Patients and Methods: The present study included 50 Iraqi female patients with hyperthyroidism with age ranged between 30-58 years and 30 healthy controls with age ranged between 30-53 years. Serum samples were collected from study groups. The levels of thyroid hormones (TSH, T4 and T3) were determined by using automated Chemiluminescence Immunoassay (CLIA) analysis system. Detection of leptin hormone and resistin hormone levels in the serum were determined by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. Results: The results revealed that serum leptin levels were significantly low (P<0.004) in hyperthyroid patient groups as compared to control, and there were significant negative correlations between T4 and leptin (P<0.0001); also, T3 and leptin (P<0.05). Resistin hormone level increased non-significantly (P˃0.05) than control level; and there was significant negative correlation between TSH and resistin (P<0.035). Conclusion: The study shows that there is complex interrelation between adipocytokines (leptin and resistin) with thyroid gland and pituitary gland. Leptin levels were decreased in hyperthyroid patients than control and associated negatively with T4 and T3 levels, while resistin levels were increased non-significantly than control and associated negatively with TSH level. They affect each other in their physiological function in the human body.