Hemodialysis treatment methods in patients with chronic kidney failure increase the life span of these patients, but hemodialysis affects all life aspects of patients and diminishes the quality of life patients. The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between emotional intelligence and quality of life for hemodialysis patients .This study was a descriptive – correlational research conducted in 2014 on 98 hemodialysis patients Referred to Hospitals of University Medical Sciences in Iran Iranshahr .The tools used in this study included demographic questionnaire, Cyberia Shrink Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire, and the Kidney Disease Quality of Life-Short Form Questionnaire. After obtaining informed consent, patient completed the questionnaire. Finally, raw data were collected through questionnaires and were analyzed using SPSS16 Software. To investigate the relationships between predictor and criterion variables, Pearson correlation and linear regression analysis were used .The mean age of patients was 33/36 and the majority of participants were male (58.1 percent). In terms of variable of education level, majority of participants had elementary education, and 54.54% of the mean weight of the patients was 41.06 kg. Mean score of life quality was 41.06 ± 15.95 and the mean score of emotional intelligence was 43.99 ± 10.50. Pearson correlation coefficient with 99% probability confidence showed significant positive correlation between the components of emotional intelligence and quality of life in hemodialysis patients (p<0.001) and emotional intelligence with regression coefficient 0.412 predicts 30% of the variance of quality of life in hemodialysis patients .It is recommended for nurses and nursing directors to improve the quality of life hemodialysis patients by training emotional intelligence skills.
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