The study highlights the importance of food security in preventing malnutrition, particularly in fragile nations and regions affected by conflicts, wars, and periodic floods. Improving food security and access to proper nutrition can have a significant impact on reducing malnutrition in children. Addressing malnutrition is crucial for improving overall health and preventing the associated short-term and long-term adverse effects. Proper oral hygiene, including regular brushing and flossing, is essential for maintaining a healthy oral microbiota. Inadequate oral hygiene can lead to dental and gum diseases, which can exacerbate malnutrition and affect overall health. It is essential to study the oral microbiome and its role in malnutrition since malnutrition can lead to severe illnesses and even death in children. The study acknowledges that malnutrition is a multifaceted problem influenced by various factors, including infections and antibiotic use that can alter the intestines' microbiota composition and affect nutrient absorption. The study aims to understand the oral microbial profiles of malnourished children in the area and their potential impact on health. Malnutrition is a significant public health issue in Nigeria, particularly in the northern region, and this research could provide insights into the association between oral health and malnutrition in children.
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