Implementing Problem Based Learning in a Virtual Format for First Year Medical Students | Abstract

International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences (IJMRHS)
ISSN: 2319-5886 Indexed in: ESCI (Thomson Reuters)


Implementing Problem Based Learning in a Virtual Format for First Year Medical Students

Author(s):Ashwin Kulkarni*, Vanitha Gowda MN, Chandrika Rao and Medha Y Rao

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent lockdowns which happened worldwide made it imperative for everyone to explore newer methods of teaching and learning. Problem Based Learning (PBL) which is a student-centric method of teaching learning can be conducted using virtual platforms like Microsoft team and WhatsApp. This study was done to understand the perception, acceptance, and challenges in the implementation of PBL in a virtual format (Online PBL). Methodology: This is an institution based cross sectional study conducted over one year (1st December 2020 to 1st December 2021). All 150 first-year Medical students were included in the study. Four sessions of Online PBL were conducted using Microsoft team and WhatsApp. The assessment was done using Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) and concept maps after each session. The student’s feedback was collected using a validated questionnaire and analyzed. Convenience sampling was used. The results were tabulated and SPSS was used for statistical analysis. Results: A total of 130 students attended the sessions. Amongst these, were 75 (62.5%) male and 45 (37.5%) female students. There was a significant improvement in the post-test score in all the sessions. 97 (80.8%) students agreed that the Problem based learning strategy is interesting. 102 (85%) of the students opined that PBL improved their reasoning skills. Students felt that virtual mode is feasible, interesting, and convenient. Conclusion: Students found PBL using virtual platforms to be interesting. Overall feedback and perception of the students were good. Online PBL encouraged the students towards self-directed learning and critical thinking without time constraints and geographical barriers.

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