The Study on Knowledge, Screening, and Associated Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer among Women in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India | Abstract

International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences (IJMRHS)
ISSN: 2319-5886 Indexed in: ESCI (Thomson Reuters)


The Study on Knowledge, Screening, and Associated Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer among Women in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, India

Author(s):Sanjeev Kumar Yadav, Anubha Bajpai, Rinki Kumari and GP Dubey*

Cervical cancer is a prevalent condition affecting women in India, yet only a mere 3% undergo regular screenings. Late-stage diagnoses often result in unfavorable outcomes, underscoring the importance of early detection through screening. Women's inclination to seek cervical cancer screening is influenced by their awareness and attitudes towards the disease. Community health workers play a vital role in motivating women to partake in screening, as outlined in India's cancer screening implementation strategy. This study sought to evaluate women's knowledge and attitudes towards cervical cancer and screening in Eastern Uttar Pradesh. A descriptive cross-sectional study assessed the socio-demographic profile, Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) of community health workers regarding cervical cancer and screening. Scoring was employed to gauge awareness and attitudes towards cervical cancer screening. Descriptive statistics, including mean, standard deviation, frequency, and proportion, were used for data analysis. The Chi-square test determined the factors influencing knowledge and screening practices (p<0.05). Results indicated that despite possessing adequate knowledge and perception of cervical cancer and screening, less than 10% of participants had undergone screening. Notably, a significant association was observed between knowledge level and screening practice. The study concluded that bridging the gap between perception and practice necessitates the implementation of educational programs and active participation in screening campaigns. In summary, enhancing awareness and cultivating positive attitudes towards cervical cancer screening among women in Eastern Uttar Pradesh are pivotal for early detection and improved prognosis. Community health workers hold a crucial role in motivating women, and the introduction of educational initiatives is vital to bridge the disparity between perception and practice in cervical cancer screening.

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