Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) | Abstract

International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences (IJMRHS)
ISSN: 2319-5886 Indexed in: ESCI (Thomson Reuters)


Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO)

Author(s):Anjalatchi Muthukumaran*

ECMO is a machine support with artificial work of human being when heart not able to function properly as temporary base. The ECMO machine is similar to the heart-lung bypass machine used in open heart surgery. It pumps and oxygenates a patient’s blood outside the body, allowing the heart and lungs to rest. ECMO may be used to help people who are very ill with conditions of the heart and lungs or who are waiting for or recovering from a heart transplant. It may be an option when other life support measures haven’t worked. ECMO does not treat or cure a disease, but can help you when your body temporarily can’t provide your tissues with enough oxygen.

Risks: The most common risks that may occur with ECMO include: Bleeding, blood clot (thromboembolism), blood clotting disorder (coagulopathy), infection, loss of blood in hands, feet or legs (limb ischemia), seizures, stroke (part of the brain is damaged by loss of blood or by a blood vessel that bursts).

Results: The outcomes associated with ECMO depend upon the severity of the health condition that led to useof ECMO. Your doctor can explain how helpful ECMO may be in your situation.

Expectation: It will insert a thin, flexible tube (cannula) into a vein to draw out blood and a second tube into a vein or artery to return warmed blood with oxygen to your body. You will receive other medications, including sedation to make you comfortable while receiving ECMO and may not be able to talk during this time

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